Customised Pest Control for the Adelaide Area


Online Pest Library - Bedbugs


Bedbugs Unfortunately, the name "Bed Bug" isn't a misnomer, but is actually very accurate. When they are present, bed bugs are often found in human sleeping areas. This tiny pest will live in the bed by day and feed on the bed's occupants at night.

Identifying a Bed Bug
Bed bugs are wingless insects about 3/16" long. They have broad, flat bodies and 3 sets of legs. Depending on when they are found, bed bugs will vary in colour; they change from brown to a deep reddish-brown just after feeding. Although it can be difficult to detect, bed bugs are also identified by their "obnoxiously sweet" odour that is emitted from the insect's scent glands.

The Damage Bed Bugs Can Cause
Few people are disturbed by a bed bug while it is feeding. This is because the bite itself is usually painless. However, most people will experience some degree of allergic reaction to the bite after the bed bug has finished its blood meal. This allergic reaction is triggered by the bed bug's saliva which is injected into the bite wound to work as an anticoagulant (a substance that reduces clotting, allowing the bed bug to feed longer).

Unlike fleas, a bed bug bite does not leave the characteristic red spot. Instead, the allergic reaction will produce a colourless swelling that range from virtually undetectable to quite severe in highly sensitive people.

In addition to the allergic reaction, bed bugs are also known-carriers of over 25 different diseases including the plague, relapsing fever, tularemia, and Q fever. However, although the bed bugs are known to carry these diseases, there is little evidence to indicate transmission to humans.

When humans are not available to feed on, bed bugs will resort to poultry, canaries, sparrows, mice, rats, guinea pigs, and bats.

Habits
Bed bugs prefer to reside in the sleeping areas of humans, preferring cracks and crevices in the bed's box spring or wood frame. Bed bugs can also be found in the bedroom's picture frames, wooden night stands, stuffed furniture, baseboards, floorboard cracks, and other wooden areas.

Although bed bugs tend to live close to their food source (sleeping humans) they will crawl considerable distances for a meal.

Bed Bugs' Life Cycle
A female bed bug will lay 1-5 eggs per day, depositing them one at a time in cracks or on a rough surface. These eggs are secured to the surface with clear cement-like substance. Throughout her entire life, the average female bed bug will lay more than 500 eggs in total.

Depending on the average temperature, it will take between 21 and 120 days for the egg to mature to an adult bed bug. With adequate food, bed bugs can live 6-7 months. This life span can be increased should the bed bug enter a semi-hibernation state to wait out long periods of low temperatures.

image